Preface -- Introduction -- Technological advancements and regional electricity systems -- General overview of the regulatory environment in the EU, the WTO and the ECT -- Regulation of transmission systems under EU and WTO regimes -- Preferential treatment of RES-e at the access, connection to the grid stage -- The role of transit in cross-border electricity infrastructure development -- Development of cross-border electricity transmission infrastructure under WTO and EU rules -- Incentive regimes and related WTO issues -- Epilogue, summary and recommendation.
The book examines the legal guarantees provided under the European Union (EU) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) rules for the development of electricity transmission systems, either by constructing new transmission lines or by increasing transmission capacity. In the context of analysis of trade rules, the book makes the argument that, if long-distance trade in electricity remains a feasible option, the development of electricity transmission projects must be made subject to economic, technological and environmental criteria. It is dealt with in light of specific challenges of electricity trade related to its dependence on networks, storage and balancing. The book offers insights into the scope of the WTO and the EU related to access to and the development of cross-border electricity infrastructure development, connection and integration of abundant renewable energies into the electricity systems. It has criticized the EU's regulations in terms of a lack of technological neutrality, as well as the WTO system in terms of lack of sector-tailored regulations that are necessary to achieve the objectives of the WTO to facilitate trade and transit. The regulatory environment for the development of cross-border electricity transmission projects has been examined based on identified obstacles from the analysis of the major multinational electricity systems in the world